Ann Card Anaesth Close
 

Figure 4: (a-c) Multiplane three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic reconstruction of sinus venosus ASD. (a) The arrowhead points to the large defect in the superior portion of the atrial septum. The arrow shows the right superior pulmonary vein entering the SVC-atrial junction at the site of the defect. (b and c) Orthogonal views demonstrating the size of the defect (ASD), which measured 3.69 cm2 in area. The maximal dimension of the defect was 2.15 cm, which corresponded to the diameter of 2 cm measured at surgery. The top arrowhead in B points to the right superior pulmonary vein, and the bottom arrowhead points to the defect. (ASD: Atrial septal defect; SVC: Superior vena cava; LA: Left atrium; RA: Right atrium). Reproduced with permission from Nanda NC, Ansingkar K, Espinal M, et al. Transesophageal three-dimensional echo assessment of sinus venosus ASD. Echocardiography 1999;16:835-7

Figure 4: (a-c) Multiplane three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic reconstruction of sinus venosus ASD. (a) The arrowhead points to the large defect in the superior portion of the atrial septum. The arrow shows the right superior pulmonary vein entering the SVC-atrial junction at the site of the defect. (b and c) Orthogonal views demonstrating the size of the defect (ASD), which measured 3.69 cm2 in area. The maximal dimension of the defect was 2.15 cm, which corresponded to the diameter of 2 cm measured at surgery. The top arrowhead in B points to the right superior pulmonary vein, and the bottom arrowhead points to the defect. (ASD: Atrial septal defect; SVC: Superior vena cava; LA: Left atrium; RA: Right atrium). Reproduced with permission from Nanda NC, Ansingkar K, Espinal M, et al. Transesophageal three-dimensional echo assessment of sinus venosus ASD. Echocardiography 1999;16:835-7