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Figure 5: This fi gure shows three-dimensional printed mitral annuli of the same patient with ischemic mitral regurgitation before and after repair with a Physio-II annuloplasty device (Edwards Life sciences Irvine CA USA). In the pre-repair three-dimensional printed model, the mitral annulusis dilated in the AP axis and fl attened. After repair there is a signifi cant reduction in the mitral annular size and increased non-planarity, which can be visually appreciated as augmentation of the saddle shaped. (A: Anterior Horn; P: Posterior Horn)

Figure 5: This fi gure shows three-dimensional printed mitral annuli of the same patient with ischemic mitral regurgitation before and after repair with a Physio-II annuloplasty device (Edwards Life sciences Irvine CA USA). In the pre-repair three-dimensional printed model, the mitral annulusis dilated in the AP axis and
fl attened. After repair there is a signifi cant reduction in the mitral annular size and increased non-planarity, which can be visually appreciated as augmentation of the saddle shaped. (A: Anterior Horn; P: Posterior Horn)