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Figure 4: This fi gure shows a comparison between the three-dimensional printed annulus of a patient without any mitral valve disorder as compared to a patient with chronic signifi cant ischemic mitral regurgitation. As compared to the normal, the ischemic annulus is dilated in the AP axis. Loss of non-planarity can be seen as fl attening and disfi gurement of the saddle shape. (A: Anterior Horn; P: Posterior Horn)

Figure 4: This fi gure shows a comparison between the three-dimensional printed annulus of a patient without any mitral valve disorder as compared to a patient with chronic signifi cant ischemic mitral regurgitation. As compared to the normal, the ischemic annulus is dilated in the AP axis. Loss of non-planarity can be seen as fl attening and disfi gurement of the saddle shape. (A: Anterior Horn; P: Posterior Horn)