Nikolaos G Baikoussis1, Orestis Argiriou1, Theodoros Kratimenos2, Panagiotis Dedeilias1, Michalis Argiriou1
1 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece
2 Department of Interventional Radiology, Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece
Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is an uncommon cause of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). Fibrosing mediastinal lymphadenopathy is another cause of SVCS. We present a 65-year-old female patient with a history of tuberculosis (TB) and the coexistence of LHIS and fibrosing mediastinitis due to TB of the lung. Fibrosing or sclerosing mediastinitis is a rare entity with few cases published in the western literature. She presented with mild symptomatology of SVCS and she underwent on transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography scan, magnetic resonance imaging, and venography. Due to the development of an abundant collateral venous system seen on venography and her negation for any treatment, she did not undergo yet on any intervention. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the international bibliography in which LHIS and sclerosing lymphadenopathy are simultaneously diagnosed in the same patient.
Nikolaos G Baikoussis
45 47 Ipsilantou Street, Kolonaki, Athens
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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