Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 112--121

Strain and strain rate: An emerging technology in the perioperative period


Vishwas Malik, Arun Subramaniam, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor 
 Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, CTC, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, CTC, AIIMS, New Delhi - 110 029
India

Newer noninvasive parameters are being used for perioperative detection of myocardial ischaemia. TDI and global strain rate are some of these parameters. TDI signal is a modification of the routine Doppler flow signal. It is obtained by using thresholding and filtering algorithms that reject echoes originating from the blood pool (by-passing the high pass filter). Set-Up of the machine by activating the TDI function allows decreasing the system gain using a low pass filter and eliminates the signal produced by blood flow. Doppler shift obtained from myocardial tissue motion are of higher amplitudes (reflectivity 40 dB higher) and move about 10 times slower than blood (velocity range: 0.06 to 0.24 m/s). Speckle tracking echocardiography (tissue tracking, 2D strain) utilizes routine gray-scale 2D echo images to calculate myocardial strain. Interactions of ultrasound with myocardium result in reflection and scattering. These interactions generate a finely gray-shaded, speckled pattern (acoustic marker). This speckled pattern is unique for each myocardial region and relatively stable throughout the cardiac cycle. Spatial and temporal image processing of acoustic speckles in both 2D and 3D allows for the calculation of myocardial velocity, strain, and Strain rate.


How to cite this article:
Malik V, Subramaniam A, Kapoor PM. Strain and strain rate: An emerging technology in the perioperative period.Ann Card Anaesth 2016;19:112-121


How to cite this URL:
Malik V, Subramaniam A, Kapoor PM. Strain and strain rate: An emerging technology in the perioperative period. Ann Card Anaesth [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Nov 17 ];19:112-121
Available from: http://www.annals.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9784;year=2016;volume=19;issue=1;spage=112;epage=121;aulast=Malik;type=0