Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30--40

Preoperative ephedrine counters hypotension with propofol anesthesia during valve surgery: A dose dependent study


Mohamed R El-Tahan 
 Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical ICU, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khubar, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed R El-Tahan
Anesthesiology Department, University of Dammam, Dammam, P.O. 40289 Al Khubar 31952
Saudi Arabia

The prophylactic use of small doses of ephedrine may counter the hypotension response to propofol anesthesia with minimal hemodynamic changes. One hundred-fifty patients scheduled for valve surgery were randomly assigned into five groups (n = 30 for each) to receive saline, 0.07, 0.1, or 0.15 mg/kg of ephedrine, or phenylephrine 1.5 μg/kg before induction of propofol-fentanyl anesthesia. After induction, patient receiving ephedrine had higher mean arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance (SVRI), cardiac (CI), stroke volume (SVI), and left ventricular stroke work (LVSWI) indices. Patients received 0.15 mg/kg of ephedrine showed additional increased heart rate and frequent ischemic episodes (P < 0.001). However, those who received phenylephrine showed greater rise in SVRI, reduced CI, SVI, and LVSWI and more frequent ischemic episodes. We conclude that the prophylactic use of small doses of ephedrine (0.07−0.1 mg/kg) is safe and effective in the counteracting propofol-induced hypotension during anesthesia for valve surgery.


How to cite this article:
El-Tahan MR. Preoperative ephedrine counters hypotension with propofol anesthesia during valve surgery: A dose dependent study.Ann Card Anaesth 2011;14:30-40


How to cite this URL:
El-Tahan MR. Preoperative ephedrine counters hypotension with propofol anesthesia during valve surgery: A dose dependent study. Ann Card Anaesth [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Sep 29 ];14:30-40
Available from: http://www.annals.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9784;year=2011;volume=14;issue=1;spage=30;epage=40;aulast=El-Tahan;type=0