Year : 2002  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 203--8

Fast tracking in paediatric cardiac anaesthesia : an update.


Carol L Lake 
 Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Louisville, 530 South Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40202

Correspondence Address:
Carol L Lake
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Louisville, 530 South Jackson Street, Louisville, KY 40202

A care plan in which cardiac surgical patients progress quickly through the perioperative course to hospital discharge is often referred to as a Fast Track. Such care plans have been used extensively in adult cardiac patients but are also applicable to paediatric patients. Although no randomised controlled trials are available to document a reduction in hospital costs and avoidance of iatrogenic complications with paediatric fast tracks, many healthcare administrators encourage their use. Fast Track clinical guidelines usually include same day surgery, use of short- acting anaesthetic drugs, early extubation, effective pain management, and reduced intensive care unit stays. These protocols are certainly appropriate for simple procedures such as repair of atrial or ventricular septal defects or ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus. However, many paediatric cardiac anaesthesiologists consider that all paediatric patients without significant pulmonary or residual cardiac pathology can be managed using expedited postoperative protocols. Essential components in a "fast track" protocol include use of minimally invasive surgical techniques, modified ultrafiltration during cardiopulmonary bypass, transoesophageal echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac repair, and postoperative pain control. Using such techniques, 80-90% of paediatric patients can be extubated in the operating room or within 2-4 hours postoperatively. Despite the opinions of recognised experts, an appropriately sized and powered multicentre, controlled, randomised, prospective study is still needed to conclusively document the efficiency and effectiveness of the Fast Track in paediatric cardiac patients.


How to cite this article:
Lake CL. Fast tracking in paediatric cardiac anaesthesia : an update. Ann Card Anaesth 2002;5:203-8


How to cite this URL:
Lake CL. Fast tracking in paediatric cardiac anaesthesia : an update. Ann Card Anaesth [serial online] 2002 [cited 2019 Dec 15 ];5:203-8
Available from: http://www.annals.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9784;year=2002;volume=5;issue=2;spage=203;epage=8;aulast=Lake;type=0