Gegal Pruthi1, Naveen G Singh1, PS Nagaraja1, Rohini Mayur Balaji1, N Manjunatha1, PK Choudhary2, M Kurinchi Raja1
1 Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Jayanagar, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Sports Medicine, Sports Authority of Karnataka, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to determine the preconditioning myocardial protective effects of intralipid (IL) in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery by measuring highly sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) and cardiac-specific creatine kinase (CK-MB) as markers of myocardial injury. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients, scheduled to undergo elective OPCAB surgery, were randomly assigned to the IL group (n = 15) or control (C) group (n = 15); the IL group received an infusion of 20% IL 2 ml/kg, 30 min prior to revascularization and the control group received an equivalent volume of normal saline. Serum levels of hsTnT and CK-MB were measured before surgery and at 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h postoperatively. Also, intraoperative hemodynamic parameters, inotrope use, ventilatory hours, ICU stay, postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, postoperative lipid profile, renal and hepatic function tests were measured. Results: The hsTnT values at the 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h in IL group were significantly lower as compared with the control group. The decline in plasma levels of CK-MB mirrored the hsTnT levels post revascularization at 24 h and 48 h in the IL group compared with the control group; however, at 72 h, level was comparable in both the groups. None of the treated patients had abnormal lipid metabolism, deranged renal, and hepatic function. Conclusion: The study revealed Intralipid as a safe pharmacological preconditioning agent for OPCAB surgeries which can reduce the postischemic myocardial injury indicated by the reduction in postischemic cardiac enzymes hsTnT and CK-MB.
P S Nagaraja
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru - 560 069, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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