Atul Kaushik1, Aditya Kapoor1, Surendra K Agarwal2, Shantanu Pande2, Prabhat Tewari3, Gauranga Majumdar2, Archana Sinha1, Shiridhar Kashyap1, Roopali Khanna1, Sudeep Kumar1, Naveen Garg1, Satyendra Tewari2, Pravin Goel3
1 Department of Cardiology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Objectives: Statins confer protection from ischemia/reperfusion through various pathways including pleiotropic mechanisms. Following chronic administration, activation of intrinsic cellular mechanisms causes attenuation of these pleiotropic effects. Methods: Since coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) represents a reversible ischemia-reperfusion sequence, we assessed if statin reload is effective in patients undergoing off-pump CABG (n = 100) in limiting myocardial injury. Patients received loading dose of rosuvastatin (40 mg initiated 7 days before surgery) while nonloaded patients continued whatever statin dose they were receiving and served as controls. Cardiac biomarkers (Troponin-I, creatine kinase muscle/brain [CK-MB], and B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP]) were measured at 8, 24, and 48 h postoperatively. The primary end-point was the extent of perioperative myocardial injury (area under the curve [AUC]: AUC of each biomarker). Results: Despite similar baseline levels, all biomarkers at 8, 24, and 48 h were significantly lower in the loaded group. The AUC for each biomarker was also significantly lower in the loaded group (cTnI 37.96 vs. 70.12 ng. hr/ml, CK-MB 229.64 vs. 347.04 ng. hr/ml, and BNP 5257.56 vs. 15606.68 pg. hr/ml, all P < 0.001). Delta cTnI (change from baseline to peak level) (1.00 ± 1.34 vs. 2.25 ± 2.59), delta CK-MB (4.54 ± 5.89 vs. 10.68 ± 9.95), and delta BNP (120.41 ± 172.48 vs. 449.23 ± 790.95) all P < 0.001 were also significantly lower in the loaded group. Those loaded with rosuvastatin had lower inotrope duration (22.9 ± 23.33 vs. 31.26 ± 25.39 h, P = 0.04) and ventilator support time (16.94 ± 6.78 vs. 23.8 ± 20.53 h, P = 0.03). Conclusion: In patients undergoing off-pump CABG, statin reload can “recapture” cardioprotection in patients already on statins with favorable effect on release kinetics of biomarkers and postoperative outcomes.
Department of Cardiology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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