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Evaluation of local intra-pleural application of tranexamic acid on postoperative blood loss in lung decortication surgery, a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study


1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2 Department of Anesthesia and Post-Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
Department of Anesthesia and Post-Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aca.ACA_231_17

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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 409-412

 

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Background: During decortication surgery, fibrous peel over the lung was removed to allow expansion of the lung and therefore, wide raw area was created with surface oozing. The phenomenon of fibrinolysis usually activated after such procedure, resulting in increasing the postoperative bleeding. Tranexamic acid is one of antifibrinolytic therapies that could be used topically and to targets directly the source of bleeding and reducing the local activation of the fibrinolytic process and consequently reducing the postoperative bleeding. Patients and Methods: A total of 70 patients underwent lung decortication surgery in Cardiothoracic Surgery Department at Tanta University Hospital from January 2015 to May 2017. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups, Group I (35 patients) receiving 3 g of tranexamic acid in 100 ml of saline solution and Group II (35 patients) receiving 100 ml of saline solution as placebo. At the end of the operation and before closing the chest, in both groups, drug or placebo solution was distributed locally all over the pleural cavity. Comparison between the groups was done regarding the amount of postoperative bleeding, postoperative hemoglobin in the first 24 and 48 h postoperatively, blood transfusion, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay, and hospital stay. Results: Both groups were comparable regarding demographic and surgical data. Group I patients had the significantly lesser amount of postoperative blood loss than Group II during the first postoperative 48 h, and hence, the need of postoperative blood transfusion was significantly lower in Group I with better postoperative hemoglobin level than Group II. However, there was no difference in overall ICU and hospital stay. Conclusion: The local intrapleural use of tranexamic acid after decortication surgery of the lung is safe and significantly reduces the amount of postoperative blood loss and in consequence reduces the amount of postoperative blood transfusion.






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1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2 Department of Anesthesia and Post-Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
Department of Anesthesia and Post-Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aca.ACA_231_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: During decortication surgery, fibrous peel over the lung was removed to allow expansion of the lung and therefore, wide raw area was created with surface oozing. The phenomenon of fibrinolysis usually activated after such procedure, resulting in increasing the postoperative bleeding. Tranexamic acid is one of antifibrinolytic therapies that could be used topically and to targets directly the source of bleeding and reducing the local activation of the fibrinolytic process and consequently reducing the postoperative bleeding. Patients and Methods: A total of 70 patients underwent lung decortication surgery in Cardiothoracic Surgery Department at Tanta University Hospital from January 2015 to May 2017. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups, Group I (35 patients) receiving 3 g of tranexamic acid in 100 ml of saline solution and Group II (35 patients) receiving 100 ml of saline solution as placebo. At the end of the operation and before closing the chest, in both groups, drug or placebo solution was distributed locally all over the pleural cavity. Comparison between the groups was done regarding the amount of postoperative bleeding, postoperative hemoglobin in the first 24 and 48 h postoperatively, blood transfusion, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay, and hospital stay. Results: Both groups were comparable regarding demographic and surgical data. Group I patients had the significantly lesser amount of postoperative blood loss than Group II during the first postoperative 48 h, and hence, the need of postoperative blood transfusion was significantly lower in Group I with better postoperative hemoglobin level than Group II. However, there was no difference in overall ICU and hospital stay. Conclusion: The local intrapleural use of tranexamic acid after decortication surgery of the lung is safe and significantly reduces the amount of postoperative blood loss and in consequence reduces the amount of postoperative blood transfusion.






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