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Correlation of cardiac output and sevoflurane required to maintain anesthetic depth targeted with entropy index


Department of Anesthesiology, Almazov Federal Heart, Blood and Endocrinology Centre, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Correspondence Address:
Andrei E Bautin
197341 Akkuratova Street, h2. Saint Petersburg
Russia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.124115

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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-7

 

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Aims and Objectives: We investigated the correlation of reduced cardiac output on required sevoflurane to maintain targeted anesthesia depth. Materials and Methods: 36 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively included in the study. Inspired sevoflurane concentration was adjusted to ensure state entropy index < 40. Analgesia was provided by either boluses of fentanyl 200 μg or continuous infusion of fentanyl 5 μg/kg/h; the total dose of fentanyl administered in the patients was not different (fentanyl boluses 6.5 ± 0.3 μg/kg/h vs. fentanyl infusion 5 μg/kg/h). Cardiac-index (CI), end tidal sevoflurane (ETsev) and entropy index were measured simultaneously at 1-5 min after sternotomy, during internal mammary artery harvesting and during pericardiotomy. 108 sets of variables (entropy index, ETsev, CI) were recorded from 36 subjects at three time points; 13 sets were excluded due to technical drawbacks in measurements. 95 data sets were eligible for analysis. Sixty-five data sets measured in patients with target state entropy index were analyzed to establish the relationship between CI and ETsev. Results: We did not find a linear correlation between ETsev and CI in patients with target entropy index (correlation coefficient = 0.18, P = 0.14). The ETsev necessary to maintain the target level of anesthesia was lower in patients with CI ≤ 2.2 l/min/m 2 (1.15% ± 0.28%) than patients with CI > 2.2 l/min/m 2 (1.37% ± 0.31%), P = 0.01. Conclusion: Relationship between CI and ETsev required for maintaining target level of anesthesia is non-linear. Patients with CI ≤ 2.2 l/min/m 2 need lower levels of the ETsev for maintenance of the target anesthesia at an entropy index < 40.






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Department of Anesthesiology, Almazov Federal Heart, Blood and Endocrinology Centre, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Correspondence Address:
Andrei E Bautin
197341 Akkuratova Street, h2. Saint Petersburg
Russia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.124115

Rights and Permissions

Aims and Objectives: We investigated the correlation of reduced cardiac output on required sevoflurane to maintain targeted anesthesia depth. Materials and Methods: 36 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively included in the study. Inspired sevoflurane concentration was adjusted to ensure state entropy index < 40. Analgesia was provided by either boluses of fentanyl 200 μg or continuous infusion of fentanyl 5 μg/kg/h; the total dose of fentanyl administered in the patients was not different (fentanyl boluses 6.5 ± 0.3 μg/kg/h vs. fentanyl infusion 5 μg/kg/h). Cardiac-index (CI), end tidal sevoflurane (ETsev) and entropy index were measured simultaneously at 1-5 min after sternotomy, during internal mammary artery harvesting and during pericardiotomy. 108 sets of variables (entropy index, ETsev, CI) were recorded from 36 subjects at three time points; 13 sets were excluded due to technical drawbacks in measurements. 95 data sets were eligible for analysis. Sixty-five data sets measured in patients with target state entropy index were analyzed to establish the relationship between CI and ETsev. Results: We did not find a linear correlation between ETsev and CI in patients with target entropy index (correlation coefficient = 0.18, P = 0.14). The ETsev necessary to maintain the target level of anesthesia was lower in patients with CI ≤ 2.2 l/min/m 2 (1.15% ± 0.28%) than patients with CI > 2.2 l/min/m 2 (1.37% ± 0.31%), P = 0.01. Conclusion: Relationship between CI and ETsev required for maintaining target level of anesthesia is non-linear. Patients with CI ≤ 2.2 l/min/m 2 need lower levels of the ETsev for maintenance of the target anesthesia at an entropy index < 40.






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