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A comparison of a continuous noninvasive arterial pressure (CNAP™) monitor with an invasive arterial blood pressure monitor in the cardiac surgical ICU


Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Jayanagar, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Naveen G Singh
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, 9th Block Jayanagar, Bangalore - 560 069
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.97973

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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 180-184

 

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Accurate measurement and display of arterial blood pressure is essential for rational management of adult cardiac surgical patients. Because of the lower risk of complications, noninvasive monitoring methods gain importance. A newly developed continuous noninvasive arterial blood pressure (CNAP™) monitor is available and has been validated perioperatively. In a prospective study we compared the CNAP™ monitoring device with invasive arterial blood pressure (IAP) measurement in 30 patients in a cardiac surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients were either mechanically ventilated or spontaneously breathing, with or without inotropes. CNAP™ was applied on two fingers of the hand contralateral to the IAP monitoring catheter. Systolic, diastolic and mean pressure data were recorded every minute for 2 h simultaneously for both IAP and CNAP™. Statistical analysis included construction of mountain plot and Bland Altman plots for assessing limits of agreement and bias (accuracy) calculation. Three thousand and six hundred pairs of data were analyzed. The CNAP™ systolic arterial pressure bias was 10.415 mmHg and the CNAP™ diastolic arterial pressure bias was −5.3386 mmHg; the mean arterial pressure (MAP) of CNAP™ was close to the MAP of IAP, with a bias of 0.03944 mmHg. The Bland Altman plot showed a uniform distribution and a good agreement of all arterial blood pressure values between CNAP™ and IAP. Percentage within limits of agreement was 94.5%, 95.1% and 99.4% for systolic, diastolic and MAP. Calculated limits of agreement were −4.60 to 25.43, −13.38 to 2.70 and −5.95 to 6.03 mmHg for systolic, diastolic and mean BP, respectively. The mountain plot showed similar results as the Bland Altman plots. We conclude CNAP™ is a reliable, noninvasive, continuous blood pressure monitor that provides real-time estimates of arterial pressure comparable to those generated by an invasive arterial catheter system. CNAP™ can be used as an alternative to IAP.






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Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Jayanagar, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Naveen G Singh
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, 9th Block Jayanagar, Bangalore - 560 069
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.97973

Rights and Permissions

Accurate measurement and display of arterial blood pressure is essential for rational management of adult cardiac surgical patients. Because of the lower risk of complications, noninvasive monitoring methods gain importance. A newly developed continuous noninvasive arterial blood pressure (CNAP™) monitor is available and has been validated perioperatively. In a prospective study we compared the CNAP™ monitoring device with invasive arterial blood pressure (IAP) measurement in 30 patients in a cardiac surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients were either mechanically ventilated or spontaneously breathing, with or without inotropes. CNAP™ was applied on two fingers of the hand contralateral to the IAP monitoring catheter. Systolic, diastolic and mean pressure data were recorded every minute for 2 h simultaneously for both IAP and CNAP™. Statistical analysis included construction of mountain plot and Bland Altman plots for assessing limits of agreement and bias (accuracy) calculation. Three thousand and six hundred pairs of data were analyzed. The CNAP™ systolic arterial pressure bias was 10.415 mmHg and the CNAP™ diastolic arterial pressure bias was −5.3386 mmHg; the mean arterial pressure (MAP) of CNAP™ was close to the MAP of IAP, with a bias of 0.03944 mmHg. The Bland Altman plot showed a uniform distribution and a good agreement of all arterial blood pressure values between CNAP™ and IAP. Percentage within limits of agreement was 94.5%, 95.1% and 99.4% for systolic, diastolic and MAP. Calculated limits of agreement were −4.60 to 25.43, −13.38 to 2.70 and −5.95 to 6.03 mmHg for systolic, diastolic and mean BP, respectively. The mountain plot showed similar results as the Bland Altman plots. We conclude CNAP™ is a reliable, noninvasive, continuous blood pressure monitor that provides real-time estimates of arterial pressure comparable to those generated by an invasive arterial catheter system. CNAP™ can be used as an alternative to IAP.






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