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Extra corporeal membrane oxygenation after pediatric cardiac surgery: A 10 year experience


1 Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India
2 Department of Perfusion Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India
3 Department of Cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhur Malik
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, VII Floor, C N Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.74395

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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-24

 

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Indications for extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after pediatric cardiac surgery have been increasing despite the absence of encouraging survival statistics. Modification of ECMO circuit led to the development of integrated ECMO cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit at the author's institute, for children undergoing repair of transposition of great arteries among other congenital heart diseases (CHD). In this report, they analyzed the outcome of children with CHD, undergoing surgical repair and administered ECMO support in the last 10 years. The outcome was analyzed with reference to the timing of intervention, use of integrated ECMO-CPB circuit, indication for ECMO support, duration of ECMO run and the underlying CHD. The results reveal a significantly improved survival rate with the use of integrated ECMO-CPB circuit and early time of intervention rather than using ECMO as a last resort in the management. The patients with reactive pulmonary artery hypertension respond favorably to ECMO support. In all scenarios, early intervention is the key to survival.






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1 Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India
2 Department of Perfusion Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India
3 Department of Cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhur Malik
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, VII Floor, C N Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9784.74395

Rights and Permissions

Indications for extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after pediatric cardiac surgery have been increasing despite the absence of encouraging survival statistics. Modification of ECMO circuit led to the development of integrated ECMO cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit at the author's institute, for children undergoing repair of transposition of great arteries among other congenital heart diseases (CHD). In this report, they analyzed the outcome of children with CHD, undergoing surgical repair and administered ECMO support in the last 10 years. The outcome was analyzed with reference to the timing of intervention, use of integrated ECMO-CPB circuit, indication for ECMO support, duration of ECMO run and the underlying CHD. The results reveal a significantly improved survival rate with the use of integrated ECMO-CPB circuit and early time of intervention rather than using ECMO as a last resort in the management. The patients with reactive pulmonary artery hypertension respond favorably to ECMO support. In all scenarios, early intervention is the key to survival.






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